One major reason for inflammation is that in most American diets the omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are out of balance. Omega-3 fatty acids are anti-inflammatory agents while omega-6 fatty acids are pro-inflammatory. Foods that contain high amounts of omega-6, in comparison to omega-3, are vegetable oils, processed foods and meats. Foods that contain high amounts of omega-3s, which we should increase in our diet, are ground flaxseeds, chia seeds and walnuts. Also eating a whole food plant-based diet which is rich in vegetables (especially leafy greens), fruits, nuts , seeds, legumes and (I suggest gluten-free to avoid any wheat intolerances) whole grains will help you to meet your caloric requirements and get all the essential fatty acids in the correct proportion.
Additionally, consuming antioxidant foods help fight against free radicals thus fighting inflammation. Free radicals are produced by chemical reactions and toxins which cause oxidative damage to the body’s cells. The best antioxidant foods are fruits and vegetables which contain beta-carotene (such as carrots), lycopene (such as tomatoes) and Vitamin C (citrus fruits and dark leafy greens).
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